Monthly Archives: February 2014

Contrast aerobic and anaerobic muscle metabolism

Metabolism basically refers to the entire chemical reactions which occur within a living being by which multifaceted molecules are usually broken down so as to generate energy and this energy is then applied to various purposes in the body, for instance, building new molecules and keeping the body warm. On the other hand, anaerobic and aerobic metabolisms are chemical terms which refer to the chemical reactions which go through in for instance a human body with the aim of releasing energy in the type of ATP.

 

Aerobic metabolism occurs in the presence of oxygen where the chemical process uses up oxygen so as to generate energy from sugars (carbohydrates). Once muscles are worked out at a sluggish speed and more so not over exercised, then there is adequate oxygen at hand or rather present for the process of metabolism to occur. Therefore, aerobic respiration transpires during this period with glucose/sugar undertaking the following overall reaction with the presence of oxygen: C6H12O6 + 6O2(g) –> 6CO2(g) + 6H2O (l) + heat. The process produces heat which in this case is energy discharged in the creation of 30 ATP bits for every molecule of sugar/glucose. Also, aerobic metabolism happens not to be very exhausting as all the substances formed during the chemical reaction are not noxious to muscles (Muscle Physiology – Glucose Metabolism, n.d.).

Anaerobic metabolism refers to the form of metabolism which occurs in the presence of oxygen to generate lactic acid and this acid is responsible for causing soreness in muscles subsequent to exercising. During extreme muscular action, the quantity of oxygen obtainable for the process of respiration is usually limited and this is when anaerobic metabolism kicks in so that the body can acquire energy for the period of this phase. Seemingly, anaerobic metabolism is awfully unproductive since it only produces two ATP molecules in favor of every molecule of carbohydrate/glucose used up. As a result of the creation of lactic acid which apparently is poisonous to body muscles, it has to be predisposed off as soon as possible. Due to the toxicity produced, this form of metabolism can only give energy for short spans of time (Rippe 2013).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work cited

Muscle Physiology – Glucose Metabolism. (n.d.). Muscle Physiology. Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://muscle.ucsd.edu/musintro/glucose.shtml

Rippe, J. M. (2013). Lifestyle medicine (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Quotation Explanation in Stieg Larsson’s The Girl who Played with Fire

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1. She took the elevator to the top floor and unlocked the door with the nameplate V. KULLA (85).

Although Lisbeth had threatened to physically harm any person who compared her to Pippi Longstocking, she is shown embracing the role. By unlocking the door with the nameplate, it is a clear allusion to Pippi’s home in Villa Villekulla (39)

 

2. She set down her groceries and her shoulder bag in the hall and tapped in the four-digit code that turned off the electronic burglar alarm (94).

She was at Fiskargatan after a long time away from the apartment touring different parts of the world. She was tired and wanted to eat before sleeping with no disturbance in her house (33).

 

3. Salander managed to read his licence plate number before he turned at the next corner (200).

Salander was getting curious of the big man who was interacting with Burjan and she was wondering what kind of business the two were up to and took the licence plate of the car the giant got into (38).

 

 

4. He did not like Bjurman, and he could not imagine why they had decided to do what he wanted (215).

This was Lundin, a drug and whore dealer who was regretting of having to do business with Bjurman. However, he was not enthusiastic at dealing with whores and diversions like the Salander girl (33).

 

5. The creature was not of this world. It was a monster from the underworld (216).

It was late and dark and the man saw a black figure creeping towards him some few feet away. The creature was something he had never seen before and although it did strike, he managed to speed off unharmed (39).

 

6. She had evidently used her keys as brass knuckles—there were still traces of blood and skin on them (233).

This was Salander after attacking her boyfriend Blomkvist who had visited a former girlfriend. Salander appeared and gauged Blomkvist by using her keys and slashed a deep wound in his cheek (31).

 

7. Arrested for an assault in Gamla Stan in 1995, when the prints were taken (281).

This was a headline by a court reporter at TT wire service that was meant to awaken memories. The headline was written when Salander was arrested after he kicked a passenger at Gamla Stan tunnelbana station (36).

 

8. Do I take it that Dag’s computer is missing? (342).

Dag was a journalist investigating human sex trafficking and had asked assistance from Blomkvist. However, Dag was killed from a gun belonging to Bjurman and Salander’s fingerprints were there. Blomkvist is now investigating Dag’s death by use of Blomkvist’s computer (40).

 

9. Just before Nykvarn he passed a car coming the other way, but he thought no more about it (556).

Paolo was beaten badly for the first time in his life. He was in deep thought as he was returning to the warehouse to clean the mess to avoid police detection that he did not realize the passing car (39).

 

10. Zala has probably committed three murders and the police are looking for the wrong person (608).

This was a discussion between Bjorck and Blomkvist trying to find out the murderer. Bjorck was not willing to reveal the Zala’s Swedish name. The discussion reveals that Zala is old and disabled and could not have committed the crime (40).

 

11. It’s called KAB Import AB and has a P.O. Box address in Gőteborg (670).

This refers to the electronics company, chaired by Karl Axel Bodin (KAB). Malin and Blomkvist were investigating some information on Ronald Niedermann and when stumbled on the above information tried to connect the dots of KAB relationship with Niedermann (39).

12. She was troubled that the place looked so undefended (684).

This statement refers to Salander at a time she had gone to see Zalachenko and was troubled by the place that he lived. The place looked isolated and she knew that he must have made so many enemies (38).